Apparel (Garment Manufacturing)
Apparel production, also known as garment production is a process where fabric is being converted into garments. The term apparel production is basically used when garments are manufactured in a factory. Traditionally apparel manufacturing factories has been divided into two sectors as domestic and export.
A factory produces bulk quantity of garments for a style or design at a time. Prior to start production of an order factory needs to gone through some activities which is known as pre-production. Pre-production process includes sampling, costing, production planning, sourcing of raw material and production pattern making. Fabric cutting, printing, embroidery, sewing,
thread trimming, washing, ironing, folding and packing are the production functions.
Sampling is a process where factory develop garment samples according to buyer's specified design.
A business is all about making profit. So correct costing of a product before order finalization is very important. Costing of garment is the cumulative cost of raw materials, direct labors and direct and indirect overheads.
After receiving the order factory plans for raw material requirement for the order. Raw materials like fabrics, sewing threads, packing materials, hang tags and other accessories.